Steven R. Spurgeon, Ph.D.
Materials Scientist


Steven R. Spurgeon’s publications and presentations.



Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

  1. Spurgeon, S.R., Sassi, M., Ophus, C., Stubbs, J.E., Ilton, E.S., and E.C. Buck. “Nanoscale oxygen defect gradients in UO2+x surfaces.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 116.35 (2019): 17181–17186. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1905056116 | IF: 9.58 [Download PDF]

  2. Sassi, M., Kaspar, T.C., Rosso, K.M., and S.R. Spurgeon. “Effect of structure and composition on the electronic excitation induced amorphization of La2Ti2−xZrxO7 ceramics.” Scientific Reports. 9 (2019): 8190. DOI:10.1038/s41598-019-44621-5 | IF: 4.61 [Download PDF]

  3. Scafetta, M.D., Yang, Z., Spurgeon, S.R., Bowden, M.E., Kaspar, T.C., Heald, S.M., and S.A. Chambers. “Epitaxial growth and atomic arrangement in Fe2 CrO4 on crystal symmetry matched (001) MgAl2 O4 .” Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A. 37 (2019): 031511. DOI:10.1116/1.5093537 | IF: 1.95 [Download PDF]

  4. Kaspar, T.C., Sushko, P.V., Spurgeon, S.R., Bowden, M.E., Keavney, D.J., Comes, R.B., Saremi, S., Martin, L.W. ,and S.A.Chambers. “Electronic structure and band alignment of LaMnO3 / SrTiO3 polar / nonpolar heterojunctions.” Advanced Materials Interfaces. 6(1) (2019): 1801428. DOI:10.1002/admi.201801428 | IF: 4.83 [Download PDF]

  5. Kaspar, T.C., Schemer-Kohrn, A., Arendt, C., Rutherford, C., Lavender, C., Neal, D., Sweet, L., Shimskey, R., Riechers, S., Spurgeon, S.R., and V. Joshi. “Characterization of surface layers formed on DU10Mo ingots after processing steps and high humidity exposure.” Journal of Nuclear Materials. 514 (2019): 28–39. DOI:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.11.022 | IF: 2.45 [Download PDF]

  6. Lin, S-C., Kuo, C-T., Comes, R.B., Rault, J.E., Rueff, J-P., Nemsak, S., Taleb, A., Kortright, J.B., Meyer-Ilse, J., Gulikson, E., Sushko, P.V., Spurgeon, S.R., Gehlman, M., Plucinski, L., Chambers, S.A., and C.S. Fadley. “Interface properties and built-in potential profile of a LaCrO3 / SrTiO3 superlattice determined by standing-wave excited photoemission spectroscopy.” Physical Review B. 98 (2018): 165124. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.98.165124 | IF: 3.84 [Download PDF]

  7. Gilbert, D.A., Murray, P., Lonin, A., Spurgeon, S.R., Chopdekar, R., Kirby, B.J., Maranville, B.B., Borchers, J.A., N’Diaye, A.T., Liu, K., Arenholz, E., Takamura, Y., and A.J. Grutter. “Ionic tuning of cobaltites at the nanoscale.” Physical Review Materials. 2 (2018): 104402. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.104402 | IF:2.92 [Download PDF]

  8. Du, Y., Sushko, P.V., Spurgeon, S.R., Bowden, M.E., Ablett, J.M., Lee, T.-L., Quackenbush, N.F., Woicik, J.C., and S.A. Chambers. “Layer resolved band bending at the n-SrTiO3 / p-Ge (001) interface.” Physical Review Materials. 2 (2018): 094602. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.094602 | IF:2.92 [Download PDF]

  9. Jiang, W., Spurgeon, S.R., Zhu, Z., Yu, X., Kruska, K., Wang, T., Gigax, J., Shao, L., and D.J. Senor. “Chemical imaging and diffusion of hydrogen and lithium in lithium aluminate.” Journal of Nuclear Materials. 511 (2018): 1–10. DOI:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.08.057 | IF: 2.45 [Download PDF]

  10. Chambers, S.A., Du, Y., Zhu, Z., Wang, J., Wahila, M.J., Piper, L.F.J., Prakash, A., Yue, J., Jalan, B., Spurgeon, S.R., Kepaptsoglou, D., Ramasse, Q.M., and P.V. Sushko. “Interconversion of intrinsic defects in SrTiO3 (001).” Physical Review B. 97 (2018): 245204. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.245204 | IF: 3.84 [Download PDF]

  11. Zhang, K.H., Li, G., Spurgeon, S.R., Wang, L., Yan, P., Wang, Z., Gu, M., Varga, T., Bowden, M.E., Zhu, Z., Wang, C.-M., and Y. Du. “Creation and ordering of oxygen vacancies at WO3−δ and perovskite interfaces.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 10.20 (2018): 17480–17486. DOI:10.1021/acsami.8b03278 | IF: 7.5 [Download PDF]

  12. Spurgeon, S.R., Sushko, P.V., Devaraj, A., Du, Y., Droubay, T., and S.A. Chambers. “Onset of phase separation in the double perovskite oxide La2MnNiO6.” Physical Review B. 97 (2018): 134110. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.134110 | IF: 3.84 [Download PDF]

  13. Stoerzinger, K.A., Du, Y., Spurgeon, S.R., Wang, L., Kepaptsoglou, D., Crumlin, E.J., Ramasse, Q.M., and S.A. Chambers. “Chemical and electronic structure analysis of a SrTiO3 (001) / p–Ge (001) hydrogen evolution photocathode.” MRS Communications. 8.2 (2018): 446–452. DOI:10.1557/mrc.2018.38 | IF: 3.01 [Download PDF]

  14. Kaspar, T.C., Hong, S., Bowden, M.E., Varga, T., Yan, P., Wang, C-M., Spurgeon, S.R., Comes, R.B., Ramuhalli, P., and C.H. Henager. “Tuning piezoelectric properties through epitaxy of La2Ti2O7 thin films.” Scientific Reports. 8 (2018): 3037. DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-21009-5 | IF: 4.26 [Download PDF]

  15. Spurgeon, S.R., Sushko, P.V., Comes, R.B., and S.A. Chambers. “Dynamic interface rearrangement in LaFeO3 / n-SrTiO3 heterojunctions.” Physical Review Materials. 1 (2017): 063401. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.063401 | IF:2.92 [Download PDF]

  16. Jiang, W., Spurgeon, S.R., Liu, J., Schreiber, D.K., Jung, H.J., Devaraj, A., Edwards, D.J., Henager, C.H., Kurtz, R.J., and Y. Wang. “Precipitates and voids in cubic silicon carbide implanted with 25Mg+ ions.” Journal of Nuclear Materials. 498 (2018): 321–331. DOI:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.10.046 | IF: 2.45 [Download PDF]

  17. Du, Y., Li, C., Zhang, K.H.L., McBriarty, M., Spurgeon, S.R., Mehta, H.S., Wu, D., and S.A. Chambers. “An all-perovskite p-n junction based on transparent conducting p-La1−xSrxCrO3 epitaxial layers.” Applied Physics Letters. 111.6 (2017): 063501. DOI:10.1063/1.4997410 | IF: 3.41 [Download PDF]

  18. Comes, R.B., Perea, D., and S.R. Spurgeon. “Heterogeneous two-phase pillars in epitaxial NiFe2O4–LaFeO3 nanocomposites.” Advanced Materials Interfaces. 1700396 (2017). DOI:10.1002/admi.201700396 | IF: 4.83 [Download PDF]

  19. Spurgeon, S.R., Du, Y., and S.A. Chambers. “Measurement error in atomic-scale scanning transmission electron microscopy–energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (STEM-EDS) mapping of a model oxide interface.” Microscopy and Microanalysis. 23.3 (2017): 513–517. DOI:10.1017/S1431927617000368 | IF: 1.89 [Download PDF]

  20. Kaspar, T., Gigax, J., Shao, L., Bowden, M.E., Varga, T., Shutthanandan, V., Spurgeon, S.R., Yan, P., Wang, C.M., Ramuhalli, P., and C. Henager. “Damage evolution of ion irradiated defected-fluorite La2Zr2O7 epitaxial thin films.” Acta Materialia. 130 (2017): 111–120. DOI:10.1016/j.actamat.2017.01.012 | IF: 5.3 [Download PDF]

  21. Chambers, S.A., Du, Y., Comes, R.B., Spurgeon, S.R., and P.V. Sushko. “The effects of core-level broadening in determining band alignment at the epitaxial SrTiO3 (001) / p-Ge (001) heterojunction.” Applied Physics Letters. 110.9 (2017): 082104. DOI:10.1063/1.4977422 | IF: 3.41 [Download PDF]

  22. Stoerzinger, K.A., Comes, R.B., Spurgeon, S.R., Thevuthasan, S., Ihm, K., Crumlin, E.J., and S.A. Chambers. “Influence of LaFeO3 surface termination on water reactivity.” Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 8 (2017): 1038–1043. DOI:10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b00195 | IF: 9.35 [Download PDF]

  23. Comes, R.B., Spurgeon, S.R., Kepaptsoglou, D.M., Engelhard, M.H., Perea, D.E., Kaspar, T.C., Ong, P.V., Ramasse, Q.M., Sushko, P.V., and S.A. Chambers. “Probing the origin of interfacial carriers in SrTiO3 – LaCrO3 superlattices.” Chemistry of Materials, 29.3 (2017): 1147–1155. DOI:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b04329 | IF: 9.46 [Download PDF]

  24. Spurgeon, S.R., Du, Y., Droubay, T., Devaraj, A., Sang, X., Longo, P., Yan, P., Kotula, P.G., Shutthanandan, V., Bowden, M.E., LeBeau, J.M., Wang, C., Sushko, P.V., and S.A. Chambers. “Competing pathways for nucleation of the double perovskite structure in the epitaxial synthesis of La2MnNiO6.” Chemistry of Materials, 28.11 (2016): 3814–3822. DOI:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b00829 | IF: 9.46 [Download PDF]

  25. Comes, R.B., Spurgeon, S.R., Heald, S.M., Kepaptsoglou, D.M., Jones, L., Ong, P.V., Bowden, M.E., Ramasse, Q.M., Sushko, P.V., and S.A. Chambers. “Interface-induced polarization in SrTiO3 – LaCrO3 superlattices.” Advanced Materials Interfaces, 3.10 (2016): 1500779. DOI:10.1002/admi.201500779 | IF: 4.83 [Download PDF]

  26. Li, X., Ma, C.T., Lu, J., Devaraj, A., Spurgeon, S.R., Comes, R.B., and S.J. Poon.“Exchange bias and bistable magneto-resistance states in amorphous TbFeCo thin films.” Applied Physics Letters, 108.1 (2016): 012401. DOI:10.1063/1.4939240 | IF: 3.41 [Download PDF]

  27. Kaspar, T.C., Schreiber, D.K., Spurgeon, S.R., McBriarty, M.E., Carroll, G.M., Gamelin, D.R., and S.A. Chambers. “Built-in potential in Fe2O3 – Cr2O3 superlattices for improved photoexcited carrier separation.” Advanced Materials, 28.8 (2016):1616–1622. DOI:10.1002/adma.201504545 | IF: 19.8 [Download PDF]

  28. Spurgeon, S.R., Balachandran, P.V., Kepaptsoglou, D.M., Damodaran, A.R., Karthik, J., Nejati, S., Jones, L., Ambaye, H., Lauter, V., Ramasse, Q.M., Lau, K.K.S., Martin, L.W., Rondinelli, J.M., and M.L. Taheri. “Polarization screening-induced magnetic phase gradients at complex oxide interfaces.” Nature Communications, 6 (2015): 6735. DOI:10.1038/ncomms7735 | IF: 12.1 [Download PDF]

  29. Spurgeon, S.R., Sloppy, J.D., Kepaptsoglou, D.M., Balachandran, P.V., Nejati, S., Karthik, J., Damodaran, A.R., Johnson, C.L., Ambaye, H., Goyette, R., Lauter, V., Ramasse, Q.M., Idrobo, J.C., Lau, K.K.S., Lofland, S.E., Rondinelli, J.M., Martin, L.W., and M.L. Taheri. “Thickness-dependent crossover from charge- to strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling in ferromagnetic / piezoelectric oxide heterostructures.” ACS Nano, 8.1. (2014): 894–903. DOI:10.1021/nn405636c | IF: 13.3 [Download PDF]

  30. Spurgeon, S.R., Sloppy, J.D., Tao, R., Klie, R.F., Lofland, S.E., Baldwin, J.K., Misra, A., and M.L. Taheri. “A study of the effect of iron island morphology and interface oxidation on the magnetic hysteresis of Fe – MgO (001) thin film composites.” Journal of Applied Physics, 112 (2012): 013905. DOI:10.1063/1.4730630 | IF: 2.1 [Download PDF]

  31. Carroll, K.J., Huba, Z., Spurgeon, S.R., Qian, M., Khanna, S.N., Hudgins, D.M., Taheri, M.L., and E.E. Carpenter. “Magnetic properties of Co2C and Co3C nanoparticles and their assemblies.” Applied Physics Letters, 101 (2012): 012409. DOI:10.1063/1.4733321 | IF: 3.41 [Download PDF]

  32. Carroll, K.J., Hudgins, D.M., Spurgeon, S., Kemner, K.M., Mishra, B., Boyanov, M.I., Brown, L.W., Taheri, M.L., and E.E.Carpenter. “One-pot aqueous synthesis of Fe and Ag core/shell nanoparticles.” Chemistry of Materials, 22.23 (2010): 6291–6296. DOI:10.1021/cm101996u | IF: 9.46 [Download PDF]

  33. Havelia, S., Balasubramaniam, K., Spurgeon, S., Cormack, F., and P. Salvador. “Growth of La2Ti2O7 and LaTiO3 thin films using pulsed laser deposition.” Journal of Crystal Growth, 310.7–9 (2008): 1985–1990. DOI:10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2007.12.006 | IF: 1.75 [Download PDF]

Book Chapters

Spurgeon, S.R. and S.A. Chambers. “Atomic-scale characterization of oxide interfaces and superlattices using scanning transmission electron microscopy.” Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry: Surface Science and Electrochemistry, Elsevier. (2018) 38–48. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.12877-X [Download PDF]

Invited Talks

  1. “Modern-day alchemy: Engineering the future atom-by-atom.” Washington State University Tri-Cities Engineering Seminar Series. Richland, WA. 22 Feb 2019.

  2. “Atomic-scale structural and chemical investigation of UO2 surface oxidation.” ACS Northwest Regional Meeting. Richland, WA. 25 Jun 2018.

  3. “Development of an integrated TEM platform.” D-ITEM Meeting. Telluride, CO. 19 Jun 2018.

  4. “Nano to meso: Pushing the limits of atomic-scale materials analysis.” Nion. Co. Kirkland, WA. 17 Mar 2018.

  5. “Nano to meso: Pushing the limits of atomic-scale materials analysis.” PNNL Physical Sciences Division Fall Seminar Series. Richland, WA. 5 Oct 2016.

  6. “Static and dynamic studies of charge- and strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling in ferromagnetic / piezoelectric oxide heterostructures using PNR and TEM.” Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Richland, WA. 27 Jun 2014.

  7. “Static and dynamic studies of charge- and strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling in ferromagnetic / piezoelectric oxide heterostructures using PNR and TEM.” National Institute of Standards and Technology, Center for Neutron Research. Gaithersburg, MD. 10 Feb 2014.

MRS Bulletin Articles

  1. S. Spurgeon. “Single chip integrates transistors and photonic components.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 41 (2016): 180-2. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2016.37

  2. S. Spurgeon. “SPM scans the chemical landscape of manganite oxides” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 40 (2015): 465-6. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2015.126

  3. S. Spurgeon. “’Paper Factory’ produces blend of science and engineering education.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 39 (2014): 945-6. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2014.268

  4. S. Spurgeon. “Navy SeaPerch competition spreads STEM awareness.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 38 (2013): 780. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2013.246

  5. S. Spurgeon. “Electric field utilized to locally pin magnetic domain walls.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 38 (2013): 598. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2013.190

  6. S. Spurgeon. “Epitaxial strain tunes spintronic behavior of BiFeO3.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 38 (2013): 529. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2013.164

  7. S. Spurgeon. “Superdiffusive electron transport mediates laser-induced demagnetization.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 38 (2013): 296. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2013.89

  8. S. Spurgeon. “Drexel hosts Philly Materials Day.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 37 (2012): 888-889. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2012.261

  9. S. Spurgeon. “Spin bag model proposed for room-temperature ferromagnetism in Sr3YCo4O10+δ.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 37 (2012): 881. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2012.244

  10. S. Spurgeon. “Inverse spin Hall effect observed in silicon.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 37 (2012): 186. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2012.69

  11. S. Spurgeon. “Functional ferroelectric tunnel-junction memories demonstrated.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 37 (2012): 101. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2012.15

  12. S. Spurgeon. “Room-temperature electrical control of ferromagnetic ordering in cobalt demonstrated.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 36 (2011): 953. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2011.316

  13. S. Spurgeon. “Thin-film heterostructures of Fe- and Co-BaTiO3 exhibit interface multiferroicity at room temperature.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 36 (2011): 843. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2011.282

  14. S. Spurgeon. “SPM reveals nanoscale understanding of oxygen reactions in fuel cells and batteries.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 36 (2011): 741. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2011.248

  15. S. Spurgeon. “A (111)–ordered Sr2FeRuO6 superlattice displays room-temperature magnetic ordering.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 36 (2011): 478. DOI:10.1557/mrs.2011.161

  16. S. Spurgeon. “Modified SPM allows high resolution mapping of lithium-ion diffusion.” Materials Research Society Bulletin, 35 (2010): 836. DOI:10.1557/mrs2010.723